Shakhi-Zinda complex is one of the most mysterious and unique architectural monuments of Samarkand, located near the Bibi-Khanum mosque. The complex is a unique ensemble of elegant, blue-tinted tombs.
Harmoniously intertwining in a living and moving composition, the mausoleums of different time are closely grouped along a narrow medieval street. Shakhi-Zinda consists of eleven mausoleums, which were built one after another in the 14th - 15th centuries.
Shahi Zinda - the burial place of royalty and nobility. But the main mausoleum, from where the necropolis begins, is the imaginary tomb of the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad - Kusam Ibn Abbas. He was called "Shahi Zinda", which means "Living King" in Persian. He was one of those who preached Islam in this region and later this complex became an important pilgrimage place, revered by the people as a shrine. According to legend, Ibn Abbas came with a sermon to Samarkand in 640, where he spent 13 years and was beheaded by Zoroastrians during prayer.
Registan Square is one of the most beautiful squares in the world, it is called the pearl of Central Asia. This area became famous thanks to the unique monuments of medieval oriental architecture surrounding it from three sides in the form of a beautiful architectural ensemble: the Madrassah of Ulugbek (1417-1420), the Sher-Dor (1619-1636) Madrassah and the Tillya-Kari madrassa (1646) -1647).
On three sides the square is surrounded by majestic madrasahs, whose portals are facing the center of space. All three buildings have their own unique decor, which differs between themselves. Thanks to such buildings, preserved on the territory of the city, in 2001 Samarkand was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Ichan-Kala. This is the historical part of the city, the fortress enclosed by a clay wall up to 10 meters high, where on the territory of 26 hectares there are more than 60 monuments of various periods from the 16th to the beginning of the 20th century. At the same time, people still live here, who mainly engage in traditional Uzbek crafts.
Here you can see such unique historical monuments as: the complex of the citadel of Kunya-Ark, the complex of Tash-Hauli palace, the completely covered with the glazed tile minaret of Kalta-Minor, the famous Juma mosque with its 213 carved columns, the Khiva symbol - the Islam-Khodja minaret and much more . Today Ichan-Kala is an open-air museum - the old part of the city, enclosed by a fortress wall and turned into a state historical-archeological museum-reserve. But what is most striking is that Ichan-Kala is not just a frozen city-museum, but a living populated part of the city. Here live up to 300 families, mainly they are engaged in handicraft.
Kalyan Minaret is a majestic column that rises above Bukhara. To convene a prayer, the muezzin ascended to the top of the minaret and proclaimed it to the whole district, as was customary in the first centuries of the existence of Islam. The word "minaret" comes from "minor" - that is, the place where the fire lights up indicating the way, like a lighthouse. This minaret plays a special role in the architecture of Bukhara.
A local legend says that when the great Genghis Khan, after destroying half of the city, entered the square near this tower, and looked up at the minaret, a helmet fell from his head. He had to bend over to pick him up off the ground. "I never bowed to anyone," said a powerful warrior. "But this building is so grandiose that it deserves a bow." So this magnificent tower survived, and now tourists are paving their way up 105 internal steps to enjoy the view of modern Bukhara.
Khoja Ahrar Vali Mosque was built at the highest point of Shahristan of ancient Tashkent in 819. To this day, the mosque has been rebuilt many times, renamed and restored in different epochs in the area of the Old City, surrounded by squares: Chorsu, Khadra and Eski Zhuva. The mosque of Khoja Ahrar Vali was built in the form of a 15-meter cube symbolizing the sacred Kaaba, with a dome and open to the east side with an arched ceiling. In the pre-revolutionary Tashkent with its low one-and two-story buildings, the Khoja Ahrar Vali Mosque was the tallest building from which the whole city was viewed.
From the 15th century to the present, the mosque is named after one of the Sufi leaders of the Eastern Middle Ages, Khoja Ahrar Vali, who donated a building built on the foundation of the old Juma Mosque (Juma Mosque - Friday Mosque) in 1451 to the city.
The memorial complex of Khoja Bakhouddin Naqshbandi is a Muslim shrine of Bukhara. Every self-respecting Muslim knows and respects this name. The great theologian of the XIV century, the founder of the Sufi order of Naqshbandiy, is buried 12 km from Bukhara in the place Kasri Orifon. Once upon a time the place of the present tomb of Nakshbandi was a pagan temple.
Inside the walls of the mausoleum lies a fallen ancient mulberry, which, according to legend, grew out of the staff of Bahauddin. It is believed that if you crawl under it, the desire will come true.
At the complex there is a museum where true information about Sufis and Sufism in general is stored: sufi clothing, books, boilers, in which food was prepared, and many other exhibits.
Mausoleum of Gur-Emir - the family burial vault of Amir Temur and his heirs, built in 1404 in the south-western part of the city. This mausoleum served as a prototype for two famous monuments of world architecture: the mausoleum of Humayun in Delhi and the mausoleum of Taj Mahal in Agra. Today in the Gur-Emir mausoleum we see gravestones marking the burial places. Timur's tomb, made of a single piece of jade, is located in the center of the tomb. The graves themselves are at the bottom, in the basement of the mausoleum. The graves are located just like the tombstones in the hall above. The graves of the Timurids were only opened once in 1941, with which the well-known legend "The Curse of Tamerlane" is associated.
In the new part of Tashkent, not far from the UzExpoCentre exhibition complex and the luxurious Intercontinental hotel, one of the new sights of Tashkent - the Minor Mosque - is located. It was opened on October 1, 2014, on the eve of the holy holiday of Muslims Kurban Hayita, and immediately became one of the favorite places for city dwellers for evening walks. The Minor Mosque is located at the quay of the Anchor Canal, and is surrounded by a landscaped area.
The construction of the mosque was carried out in the best traditions of Eastern architecture. At the same time, the Minor Mosque differs from the ancient brick mosques with its white marble finish. On a clear day, it all sparkles, and its blue dome seems to dissolve in the sky. The capacity is more than 2400 people. The Minor Mosque is divided into an open front with terraces, and a huge round hall with a gilded mihrab (niche pointing to Mecca), which is adorned with sayings from the Koran.
Its construction began when the city was rebuilt after the terrible earthquake of 1966. All stations have their own unique architectural appearance: marble, granite decoration, rows of columns, colorful bas-reliefs, ganch, etc. An important role in the design of the stations is played by lighting, which at one station creates the atmosphere of a festive ballroom, while on the other it makes you feel in mysterious catacombs. Each station is a separate landmark in Tashkent. Probably because the city's residents so often see the amazed faces of tourists, keen on this underground world.
However, it is worth remembering that the Tashkent Metro is a strategically important facility, and photo-video shooting is prohibited here. And the last thing, the subway air-conditioning system will always protect its guests from the summer heat and winter cold. So traveling through this dungeon will be a pleasure.
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