Paper Factory "Meros", Samarkand
Not far from Samarkand there is a paper factory "Meros", whose founders are famous in local circles masters, brothers Mukhtarovs. They managed to revive the ancient Samarkand paper production technology, which for 100 years is kept as new. The entire production process is hand-held, so factory guests can observe the manufacturing process from the very beginning to the end. I must say that the entrance fee and tour of the factory is symbolic. The place is very picturesque: shady trees, the Siab river, a small chaikhana at the entrance, where tourists are treated with tasty Samarkand plov and fruits, charchpalak is a water wheel decorated with ancient vessels from which water flows.The owners of the factory say that they took 10 years to restore the technology of manufacturing Samarkand paper. Various materials were tried, until it was established by experience that the raw material for the paper was the mulberry.
Gijduvan ceramics workshop
A small town of Gizhduvan is located 46 kilometers from Bukhara. From ancient times to our days, Gijduvan is famous as a trading city and center of handicraft. Ceramics occupies a special place among the various crafts thriving in the town.The Gijduvan ceramics school is distinguished by the use of geometric shapes and colors in ornaments. Ibodulo Narzullaev was one of the most famous ceramists of Uzbekistan and the founder of the Gijduvan ceramics school. He took part in more than 50 international exhibitions. His products are exhibited in museums around the world. Usta (in translation from the Uzbek "master") Ibadullo created not only his own individual style, but also transferred his skills to the sons of Alisher and Abdullo and the daughter of Nodir. This is the sixth generation, continuing the tradition of creating ceramic products of his family.To date, Gijduvan artisans are known not only in Uzbekistan, but around the world.
Manufacture of dolls, Bukhara, Lyabi hauz
The production of dolls also belongs to the number of practically lost and revived kinds of crafts. In the recent past, theatrical performances of stray puppeteers - ridicule were one of the bright and favorite entertainments of rural and urban residents. Today dolls, dressed in national costumes, have become a traditional Uzbek souvenir that can be used not only as a toy, but also as an interesting, bright detail of the interior. They represent different folk types or heroes of literary works.Bukhara masters of dolls study the history of the Bukhara costume, use the traditional technology of cutting clothes, embroidery, Bukhara Karakul. Artists scrupulously adhere to the symbolism of the various details of the costume, characteristic of its owner.
Master class for cooking pilaf, Bukhara
Pilaf is a symbol of Uzbek cuisine. It is prepared in all houses of Uzbekistan, it does not matter Uzbek family, Russian, Tatar or Korean. Uzbek pilaf is a part of the mentality of the inhabitants of the country.
Traditionally, men cook pilaf from Uzbeks. There are more than a thousand recipes for cooking Uzbek pilaf with various ingredients, and there are even whole books devoted exclusively to this dish.Uzbek pilaf is also different in the regions of the republic. For example, a light-colored Samarkand pilaf, Ferghana pilaf, on the contrary, is very dark. In Samarkand meat, carrots, rice are laid in layers and soared. In Tashkent pilaf, first all the ingredients are overcooked.
To cook Uzbek pilaf, usually use rice of a new crop, fresh mutton or beef, juicy yellow or red carrots, large onions and fragrant vegetable oil. A real Uzbek pilaf is cooked in a deep cast-iron cauldron (cauldron), which is evenly heated and does not allow food to get burned.
Master-class on baking flat bread, Samarkand
About Samarkand bread should be told especially ... Because such anywhere else on the Earth Globe you will not find ... They are famous not only for their unique taste, but also for not stale. This Samarqand bread is suitable for three years. It does not mold, but simply dries to a stone state. Then enough to sprinkle it with water and heat it in a tandoor . Or in a modern way - in a microwave oven or a conventional oven ... And it will again become as if it had just been baked ... Miracles - and only ... By the way, I tried to do this with bread from Tashkent, Jizzakh, Namangan - the result was not the same ...
There are reliable data that the emir of Bukhara somehow became angry: "Why do you bring me bread from Samarkand, when they can be baked right here? Drag their leper, and let him work in my palace. " The courtiers immediately brought the best ... But whatever the master did, the same ones as in Samarkand, he did not get any bread ... "Probably, it's a matter of Samarkand flour ...", he said. They delivered the flour - again nothing happens:"Maybe it's in the water ...?" - Brought water - again not that ... "Tandoor is needed from the Samarkand land .They dragged the tandoor. But again, not those bread came out of the tandoor." "Maybe, in the air of Samarkand it's all?" - the beards of the court scratched. But the air does not bring ... In general, they sent the master back and again began to deliver bread from Samarkand. And so it continues to this day ... Well, now I do not emir, of course, but in Bukhara for sale ... There after all, tourists from all over the world are also full year round.
Master class on copper coining in Uzbekistan
Copper embossing is considered one of the most ancient kinds of applied art in Uzbekistan. The art of copper coinage, as well as ceramics, has been traditional for the countries of the Central Asian region for centuries, that is why in Uzbekistan you can find many products decorated with embossing in all variety of local folk motifs. The technique of this art has been honed for centuries, and although museums can mostly see works of the 18th century, their style of execution is close to the traditions of coining earlier periods. The main centers of production of engraved products were located in Bukhara, Khiva, Kokand, Samarkand, Karshi, Shakhrisabz.Embossed goods from the late XVIII - early XIX centuries. Differed in harmonious proportions, expressive lines and ornamental patterns. Embossed and engraved metal products of that time were highly valued not only for their decorative qualities: they played an important role in everyday life, as they were indicators of social status and wealth.Local schools of artistic coinage appeared in Uzbekistan in the XIX century. The stamping of different schools differed in ornament, shape and style, as well as in the technique of production. In the XIX century, the products of engravers from Bukhara and Khiva became widely known. They are characterized by high plasticity of forms, a classical balance of proportions, invariance of ornamental motifs and original engraving technique. Bukhara embossing is characterized by simple and restrained forms. The characteristic floral ornament of the Bukhara coinage was larger, but at the same time more elegant than the chased patterns of other schools.Among the masters of Khiva, the technique of deep and sometimes small stamping was popular, which is quite close to carved engraving. A feature of the Khiva technique is a smooth background without decoration. At the same time, the background color was not used, but sometimes black and red lacquers were used. Very similar in style to the embossed products of the masters of Karshi and Shakhrisabz. At the same time, the simple form and decoration of the schools of Karshi and Shakhrisabz differs significantly from the copper embossing of other schools in Uzbekistan. In Kokand, copper coining was more diverse in form, but less perfect in proportions than the traditional products of Bukhara and Khiva. In the XIX century, Kokand engravers used all known methods of patterned decoration of background and surface: stamping, shading, various nets and figured grooves.The Samarkand school of the last century was more conservative than other schools. The simple large floral pattern of the craftsmen of Samarkand was markedly different from the elegant and traditional models of Bukhara, Khiva and Kokand. In the ornamental compositions of the Samarkand school, a clover-flower with four petals was often used. Medniki from Samarkand made round, slightly tapered jugs with a wide body, utensils of original shape, vessels for water, original jugs for milk with long thin noses, buckets that did not meet in other regions of Uzbekistan.